Hemorrhoids or piles are the pathological disorder formed in the human body which rises near the anal area. It usually starts with itching, burning, and pain around the anal area, which restricts movements and lowers the quality of life of patients. In common language, piles can be also referred to as Bavasir.
Most people can handle piles symptoms and defeat their hemorrhoids by lifestyle alterations like proper diet, and by avoiding strain during bowel movements. But the piles of advanced stage require surgeries like conventional surgeries or modern surgeries.
• Primary treatment involves the change of the diet and behavioral modifications. This includes eating high fiber diets and supplements. This kind of food will help you to avoid strain during bowel movement.
• Sitz baths- involves sitting in warm water several times a day, after having a bowel movement.
In most cases, primary treatments do not work, and hence doctors recommend some invasive methods to recover from hemorrhoids. These procedures do not require much care.
Piles specialist offer following types of conventional treatments: Rubber band ligation, Sclerotherapy, Coagulation therapy, Hemorrhoidectomy.
Rubber band ligation:
It usually assigned as banding or RBL. It is the traditional nonsurgical method used to remove hemorrhoids. This procedure is highly efficient and has fewer complications. It can be quickly performed. In rare cases, minor pain and bleeding occur.
It involves the injection of therapeutic agents around hemorrhoid or the anal area. These agents cause hardening of the tissue and block the blood flow going towards hemorrhoid. This method is as effective as banding. It possesses rare complications like pain, abscess, slight bleeding.
The method uses an anoscope, a tool used to produce a controlled amount of heat to the area around the hemorrhoids. An infrared probe, a heater probe is used for this purpose. The method generates tissue destruction in the targeted site, leads to scarring which attaches the tissue in a proper place.
A Hemorrhoidectomy performed under the effect of general or local anesthesia. It involves the surgical removal of the hemorrhoids with a blade or other surgical device. It is a single day procedure, but the pain during bowel movements may remain for a few weeks. But it is less painful by time.
Other surgical procedures may be used to operate hemorrhoids. The doctor may suggest one of these treatments depending on the severity and location of hemorrhoids.
This method is used for prolapsed hemorrhoids. It uses a particular circular stapling device which staples the prolapsing tissue to the rectal wall and repairs hemorrhoid. It is the less invasive procedure and requires less post-operative recovery.
Transanal Hemorrhoidal Dearterialization (THD):
THD is practiced for managing internal hemorrhoids. It is a minimally invasive procedure. The method involves Doppler testing to determine the veins that supply the blood to hemorrhoids. This blood supply can be decreased by using stitches and thus reduces the prolapse.