An Insights to Addiction and ways to come out of Addiction

What is Addiction?

Addiction is a prolonged, brain disorder identified by dependencies to drugs, alcohol or some other substances. During addiction, the addictive person harms themselves or others in any way. Addiction alters the person’s thinking style, behavioral pattern, her or his emotions. Addicted persons are aware of the changes, but they fail to stop themselves from the addictive substance.
At the start, when the person consumes addictive substance the person develop tolerance and continuous use of the same for a long time create a harmful situation called an addiction.

What Causes Addiction?

Nobody purposefully intends to become addicted. Many reasons are responsible for the development of addiction. Some may develop a habit for the sake of curiosity and or some are trying to release their stress.

Specific factors that drive a person towards addiction.

  • Surrounding environment- if a growing child found the addictive substance in the surrounding area then they are at the high risk of getting addicted.

  • Genes or heredity- about 40 to 60 % of a person, develop the interest for the particular substance and get addicted.

  • Mental health issues – persons with psychiatric diseases are more prone to acquire addiction as compared to an ordinary individual.

  • The feeling of loneliness- This can lead to the misuse of substances and result in addiction.

  • Age- The person belonging from an early age are at the high-risk of becoming addicted.

  • Stress condition- Some stress hormones are also responsible for the alcoholism.

What Happens with The Brain?
Excess use of substance affects the many body parts but shows a significant impact on the brain. Consumption of drug, alcohol triggers the brain reward system. Prolonged use blocks the auto production of dopamine by their own and person may lose happiness.

Type of Treatments

Addiction is a curable disease.
• Detoxification- is the first stage involves the withdrawal from the substance. It causes mental as well as physical problems. Some physical issues like nausea and vomiting, sweating, muscle pains, restlessness, alterations in heartbeats. And psychological effects like depression, nervousness, anger, and mood fluctuations. These signs last for a few days. This treatment requires medical supervision and medicines to improve the discomfort.
• Long-Term Residential Treatment- The treatment aims to socialize the individual. Treatment concentrates on enhancing individual responsibility and capacity
• Behavioral therapy and counseling- These are essential factors of treatment
• Cognitive behavioral therapy is used to treat patients recognize, withdraw, and cope with conditions where they mostly prefer drugs or additives
• Motivational interviewing – it is used to recall people of their importance, to stop the drug usage
• Family therapy- Helps the patient to keep a supportive atmosphere with the family
• Rehabilitation – They are often required to help victims to recover the critical job and other skills
Proper education to an adolescent individual helps to some extent. Early identification of signs and treatment is necessary to manage the addiction.

Manu memorial hospital is providing better treatments for those who are suffering from addiction-related issues.